Miscellaneous

Nellie Bly: Ten Days in a Mad-House

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Nellie Bly was a journalist, born Elizabeth Cochrane in 1864.  Bly was her pen name.  She was a ground-breaking reporter and a pioneer in her field, not only for female journalists, but for investigative journalism.  She covered many stories relative to her time, including her personal trip round the world which bested the fictional Jules Verne’s Around the World in 80 Days.  You can read about her work in more detail here.

One of her writings relates specifically to psychology.  In 1887, Bly went to her editor with a strange request.  She wanted to be admitted to an asylum.  This was no small task.  In order for this investigation to be a success, Bly would need to be so believable that a doctor would declare her insane and admit her to the institution.

Not only was she successful, but her report was in such high demand that they published it in book form.  In addition, a grand jury launched an investigation into the conditions of the asylum, which resulted in an $850,000 increase in funds to care for the mentally ill.

You can read Nellie Bly’s complete account of her time in the asylum here, along with a couple of other articles.

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Miscellaneous

Sexual Deviation: Necrophilia

Sexual Deviation, or paraphilia, is intense sexual arousal to highly atypical, or unusual, objects, situations, or individuals.  In some cases this behavior may be illegal.  There are many different types of paraphilias.

Necrophilia, according to the DSM-IV-TR, is “the presence, over a period of at least six months, of recurrent and intense urges and sexually arousing fantasies involving corpses which…have been markedly distressing.”  

Necrophilia is discussed as far back as Ancient Egypt, where deceased women were left to decay before given to the embalmers in order to discourage intercourse with the corpse.  In another culture, there was a belief that the soul of a young unmarried woman would not find peace in the afterlife.  In order to give peace to her soul, a marriage ceremony was arranged, which involved intercourse with the corpse.  In ancient Peru, it was considered a means of communication with the deceased.  

There are many suggested causes for necrophilia, including

  • poor self-esteem, perhaps due to significant loss
  • fear of rejection, therefore a desire for a sexual object who is incapable of rejection
  • fear of the dead, therefore transforms fear of the dead into a desire
  • develops exciting fantasy of sex with a corpse, sometimes after exposure to a corpse

Despite these commonly held beliefs about the cause of necrophilia,  Katherine Ramsland interviewed necrophiles who disagreed with this theory.  You can find more information from her research in her book, Cemetery Stories.

The most prominent article published on Necrophilia was written by Jonathan P. Rosman, MD and Phillip J. Resnick, MD.  This article is often referenced when Necrophilia is discussed.

Due to the fact that there are not many cases of successful, or even unsuccessful, treatment of Necrophilia, it is difficult to conclude what types of treatment are helpful.  Necrophiles often keep their sexual desires quite secretive.  So, unless the act causes the individual distress, they are unlikely to seek treatment.  Another reason one might come to treatment is if one is charged and ordered into treatment.  

What are your thoughts on Necrophilia?

 

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Miscellaneous

Delayed Response

Sorry for the long absence.  My goal was to update this blog every week, but with winter months come the sniffles.  Winter Break was wonderful, but with it came an awful stomach bug, and now we all have colds.  Needless to say, I’m a bit behind.  Over the weekend, I will be working on several posts based on requested topics.  If you have a request, feel free to post it in the comments below.  You can expect to see the newest topic posted as soon as Saturday!

 

Hope you have a wonderful weekend!

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Abnormal Psychology

Panic Disorder

Panic disorder is characterized by sudden and repeated feelings of fear or dread.  These attacks can last for several minutes, causing both emotional and physical toll on the individual.  Panic disorder is fairly common, it tends to run in families and effects women twice as often as men.  General information on Panic Disorder can be found here,

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/panic-disorder/index.shtml

It is important to be compassionate and understanding when someone you know is dealing with anxiety.  Anxiety can be extremely stressful, sometimes causing the person with anxiety to lash out.  The following article is a good description of what NOT to say to someone during a panic attack.  If you or someone you know suffers from Panic Disorder, this might be a good article to share with friends and family:

http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2010/09/07/what-not-to-say-to-someone-with-panic-disorder/

Lastly,  Panic Disorder can be treated.  It is often treated with a combination of anti-anxiety medications and talk therapy.  Some people, who want to avoid taking medications for various reasons, turn to alternative techniques to manage their anxiety.  One such technique is Yoga.  Yoga and Meditation can be extremely useful in the managing anxiety.  Yoga teaches you to focus on your breath, and focus on the moment.  The following articles explains how the anxious, stressed body responds positively to Yoga and Meditation.

http://www.yogajournal.com/for_teachers/2390/

The best part, Yoga is practically free!  You can find many wonderful yoga videos on YouTube.  This one in particular shows how to use Yoga to stop a Panic Attack

What are your thoughts on Panic Disorder?  Feel free to share in the comments below!

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Abnormal Psychology

Dissociative Identity Disorder

This semester we learned about Dissociative Identity Disorder. If you are interested in seeing what life is like with DID, I would suggest reading about Jessica. She has a Tumblr (http://multiplicityandme.tumblr.com) and a YouTube Channel (https://www.youtube.com/user/MultiplicityAndMe/videos). You might find it interesting to see the disorder from her point of view.

What do you think of DID?

Are you still skeptical?

Or has the information provided in class, or in these links, helped to change your mind?

 

Feel free to leave a comment below!

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Miscellaneous

Welcome!

Welcome to the Psychology blog! If you are interested in Psychology, I will be regularly posting article reviews, links to websites, and suggestions for books or videos that relate to all areas of Psychology. If there is a particular topic that interests you, feel free to leave a suggestion in the comments below.

I will try to update this blog at least once a week.

-Mrs. W.

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